Introduction In middle of the decade of 50 and especially in the decade of 60 marks a period of great transformation in the social, cultural relations, politics, economic and especially ambient in the Amaznia, based on the desenvolvimentista speech, that Brazil characterized as a country located in the fan of underdeveloped countries, processes of exploration had been institutionalized in order to attract the great capital without many concerns with the socioambientais problems that from there could result. In this direction economic theories as the praised ones for Gunnar Myrdal they had been widely accepted and they had unchained in the seio of the classroom leading politics and enterprise the race for the development, understood as dynamic, has seen that the subdesenvolvimento was nothing more than a stage for the development. For in such a way the exploration of the natural resources it would have to be pautada under the point of view of the National State, in way that traditional populations and the proper people were of are of the development process, fitting only to the State atrelado to the great capital to decide on the routes that would have to be taken in order to satisfy the interests capitalist and to reach so longed for ' ' desenvolvimento' '. (As opposed to Dropbox). Thus the Amaznia felt the impacts disastrous of this process, which technical start with more vigor from ' ' Amaznia' operation; '. Carried through between 03 and 11 of December of 1966, on board the Pink ship of the Fonseca, such operation represented a moment of meeting between ' ' Man of company brasileiro' ' the amaznidas ones in a movement of integration for the development of the Amaznia, by means of federal mechanisms legal, state and municipal, what he was known as Program of Acceleration of the Development. To analyze with more depth such processes, is not the objective of this article, but it is I validate to stand out that many ambient and social impacts are fruit of this moment, after all is accurately at this moment that great changes in the productive structure, economic and social if process, without, however, having a definite plan how much to the participation of the population amaznida in such procedures.